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Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPCS)

What is UPPCS?

The Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission is the state agency authorized to conduct the Civil Services Examination for entry-level appointments to the various Civil Services of Uttar Pradesh. It was formed on April 1, 1937.


Exam conduct by UPPCS?

Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission has the power to conduct the exam of various post of the state.  And the Commission gains such power by the Constitution of India. Articles 315 to 323 of Part XIV of the constitution, titled Services under the Union and the States, provide for a Public Service Commission for the Union and for each state. Despite civil services it conducts following Exams

  • Combined State/Upper Subordinate Preliminary Examination.
  • Combined State/Upper Subordinate Main Examination.
  • Combined State/Lower Subordinate Examination.
  • O/A.R.O Preliminary Examination (Only for the Commission)
  • O/A.R.O Main Examination(Only for the Commission)
  • P.S. Examination(Only for the Commission and secretariat of U.P. and Revenue)
  • Assistant Registrar Examination
  • Combined State Engineering Examination.
  • P. Judicial Services (Junior Division) Examination
  • Assistant Prosecuting Officers Examination

How to prepare?

The exams are divided into three phases. First is preliminary exam second is mains exams and third and most important part is an interview. Number and pattern analysis of every phase is quite different. Whether preliminary exam contains 2 paper and mains contains 9 papers.

UPPSC prelims pattern has changed in 2016. Since then only GS Paper 1 is used to determine rank in the preliminary examination. But paper second of the preliminary exam remains qualifying in nature.

If we see the qualifying marks and cut off of general study papers in  2016, UPPSC prelims cut off was ~141 (Gen category) & in 2017 UPPSC prelims cut off was ~128 (Gen category). So a significant drop was observed in PCS 2017’s cut-off marks, as the paper was bit factual & tricky. Now in 2018, cut-off marks will drop even further. But this drop in cut-off marks is relative and due to negative marking. So now one has to prepare even harder to score well during prelims.

The second phase of the exam is the mains exam, mains exams contain the following subjects-

  • The Main examination is subjective in nature and comprises of 9 papers. A candidate has to face 7 compulsory papers which include 4 papers of General Studies, A paper on Essay, A paper on any of the Regional Languages and English. The other two papers deal with an optional subject which a candidate has to choose out of 26 optional subjects.
  • The Main exam is conducted for a total of 1750 marks out of which General Studies carries 1000 marks, which comprises 4 papers each of 250 marks. The optional subject carries 500 marks which comprise two papers each of 250 marks. Essay carries 250 Marks.
  1. In the GS Paper 1 which is of 250 marks includes Indian and World History, Art and Culture, Indian and World Geography and Sociology
  2. GS Paper 2 which is of 250 marks is all about governance at its core. This paper tests the wisdom of the candidate in areas related to the Legislative, Executive and the Judiciary. It also deals with various sacrosanct institutions and other development agendas which become imperative for a budding civil servant to delve into.
  3. GS Paper 3 which is of 250 marks is based on Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security Issues, and Disaster Management. The syllabus imbibes various subjects from a very diverse arena of life.
  4. GS Paper 4 which is also of 250 marks is on Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude. The exam which was earlier used to judge the level of knowledge and intelligence of candidates will now also look into their wisdom and moral conception.

And the last phase of exams is the interview. That is also of 250 marks.


What is the minimum qualification required for this exam:

For the posts included in the Combined State Upper Subordinate Services (General Recruitment /Physically Handicapped–Backlog/ Special Recruitment) Examination:- The candidates must possess Bachelors Degree from any recognized University or equivalent qualification up to the last date for receipt of application. This should be mentioned by the candidate in the relevant column of their application form but for some posts, specific qualifications have been prescribed of which the details are given below:-

To know about the educational qualification of different posts of UPPCS

                                                                                           – Download the UPPCS Notification English / Hindi

Maximum age and maximum attempt in UPPCS exam?

For more information –

         – Download the UPPCS Notification English / Hindi

(i) Candidates must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have crossed the age of 40 years.

(ii) Relaxation in Upper Age Limit:

  • Five years age relaxation for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes of U.P., Scheduled Tribes of U.P., and Other Backward Classes of U.P. Skilled players of classified Games and State Govt.
  • Upper age limit is increased by fifteen years for physically handicapped persons of U.P., if identified posts are available.
  • Upper age limit is increased by five years in Group ‘B’ posts for the Emergency Commissioned Officers / Short Service Commissioned Officers/ Ex-Army Personnel’s of U.P. who have rendered at least five years’ service in Army, but there shall be no reservation for Group ‘B’ posts. In case of availability of Group ‘C’ posts in the Examination, the age relaxation and reservation shall be given according to Rule. No relaxation is admissible in upper age limit for D.F.F. Candidates.


What is the syllabus of the exam?

The Preliminary exam paper will be of 200 marks each and of two hours duration. Both the papers will be of objective Type & multiple choices in which there will be 150-100 questions respectively.


  1. Paper-II of the Preliminary Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.
  2. The merit of the Candidates will be determined on the basis of marks obtained in Paper-I of the Preliminary Examination.


What is the Syllabus for Prelims General Studies-I of UPPCS

1. Current events of national and international importance

(On Current Events of National and International Importance, candidates are expected to have knowledge about them.)

2. History of India and Indian National Movement

(In History emphasis should be on a broad understanding of social, economic and political aspects of Indian History. In the Indian            National Movement, the candidates are expected to have synoptic view of nature and character of the freedom movement,                     growth of nationalism and attainment of Independence.)

3. India and World geography – Physical, Social, Economic geography of India and the World

(In World Geography, only general understanding of the subject is expected. Questions on the Geography of India is related to Physical, Social & Economic Geography of India)

4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc

(In Indian Polity, Economic and Culture questions will test knowledge of the country’s political system including Panchayati Raj and Community Development, broad features of Economic policy in India and Indian Culture)

5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc

(The candidates are tested with respect to problems and relationship between Population, Environment, and Urbanization)

6. General Issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change- that do not require subject specialization

(General awareness of the subject is expected from candidates)

7. General Science Current events of national and international Importance

(Questions on General Science will cover general appreciation and understanding of Science including matters of everyday observation and experience, as may be expected from a well-educated person, who has not made a special study on any scientific discipline.)

Note: Candidates are expected to have general awareness about the above subjects with special reference to Uttar Pradesh.


What is the Syllabus for Prelims General Studies-II of UPPCS

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Elementary Mathematics up to Class X level- Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, and Statistics
  1. Arithmetic:- (i) Number systems (ii) Average (iii) Ratio and proportion (iv) Percentage (v) Profit and Loss (vi) Simple and Compound Interests (vii) Work and Time (viii) Speed, Time and Distance
  2. Algebra: – (i) Factors of polynomials, L.C.M., and H.C.F. of polynomials and their

Interrelationship, Remainder theorem, simultaneous linear equations, quadratic

equations. (ii) Set Theory:- Set, null set, subsets and proper subsets of a set, operations

(Union, Intersections, difference, symmetric difference) between sets, Venn diagram.

  1. Geometry:- (i) Constructions and theorems regarding triangle, rectangle, square, trapezium, and circles, their perimeter and area. (ii) Volume and surface area of a sphere, right circular cylinder, right circular Cone and Cube.
  2. Statistics:- Collection of data, Classification of data, frequency, frequency distribution, tabulation, cumulative frequency. Representation of data – Bar diagram, Pie chart, histogram, frequency polygon, cumulative frequency curves (ogives), Measures of Central Tendency: Arithmetic Mean, Median, and Mode.
  • General English up to Class X level
    • English Comprehension
    • Active Voice and Passive Voice
    • Parts of Speech
    • Transformation of Sentences
    • Direct and Indirect Speech
    • Punctuation and Spellings
    • Words meanings
    • Vocabulary & Usage
    • Idioms and Phrases
    • Fill in the Blanks

UPPCS mains syllabus

What is the syllabus of mains  General study paper 1 of UPPCS?

History of Indian Culture covers the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times

  1. Modern Indian history (from A.D.1757 to A.D. 1947): Significant events, personalities, and issues, etc. The Freedom Struggle- its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  2. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country (till 1965A.D.).
  3. History of the world includes events from 18 century to middle of the 20 century such that as French revolution of 1789, the industrial revolution, World Wars, redraw of national boundaries, Socialism, Nazism, Fascism etc-their forms and effect on the society.
  4. Salient features of Indian Society and culture.
  5. Role of Women in society and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems, and their remedies.
  6. Meaning of liberalization, privatization, and globalization and their effects on the economy, polity and social structure.
  7. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  8. Distribution of major natural resources of World-Water, Soils, Forests in reference to South and South-East Asia with special reference to India. Factors responsible for the location of industries (with special reference to India).
  9. Salient features of Physical Geography- Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Cyclone, Ocean Currents, winds, and glaciers.
  10. Oceanic resources of India and their potential.
  11. The human migration-refugee problem of the World with a focus on India.
  12. Frontiers and boundaries with reference to Indian sub-continent.
  13. Population and Settlements- Types and Patterns, Urbanization, Smart Cities and Smart Villages.
  14. Specific knowledge about Uttar Pradesh – History, Culture, Art, Architecture, Festival, Folk-Dance, Literature, Regional Languages, Heritage, Social Customs and Tourism.
  15. Specific knowledge about U.P.- Geography- Human and Natural Resources, Climate, Soils, Forest, Wild-Life, Mines and Minerals, Sources of Irrigation.


What is the syllabus of UPPCS mains General study paper 2?

  1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure, Role of Supreme Court in the evolution of basic provisions of Constitution.
  2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States: issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  3. Role of Finance Commission in Centre- State financial relations.
  4. Separation of powers, dispute redressal mechanisms, and institutions. Emergence and use of alternative dispute redressal mechanisms.
  5. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other major democratic countries.
  6. Parliament and State legislatures- structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers and privileges and concerned issues.
  7. Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary: Ministries and Departments of the Government, Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity and Public Interest Litigation (PIL).
  8. Salient features of the Representation of People Act.
  9. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, Powers, functions and their responsibilities.
  10. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies including NITI Aayog, their features and functioning.
  11. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design, implementation and Information Communication Technology (ICT).
  12. Development processes- the role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Self Help Groups (SHGs), various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  13. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes, mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  14. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education and Human Resources.
  15. Issues relating to poverty and hunger, their implication on political bodies.
  16. Important aspects of governance. Transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential, citizens, charters and institutional measures.
  17. Role of Civil Services in a democracy in the context of emerging trends.
  18. India and its relationship with neighboring Countries.
  19. Bilateral, Regional and Global groupings and agreements involving India and/ or affecting India’s interest.
  20. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests- Indian diaspora.
  21. Important International Institutions and Agencies, their structures, mandates and functioning.
  22. Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh regarding Political, Administrative, Revenue and Judicial System.
  23. Current affairs and events of Regional, State, National and International importance

Syllabus of UPPCS mains General study paper 3

  1. Economic planning in India, objectives and achievements. Role of NITI Aayog, Pursuit of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s).
  2. Issues of Poverty, Unemployment, Social justice and inclusive growth.
  3. Components of Government Budgets and Financial System.
  4. Major Crops, Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce, e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  5. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices, Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, Limitations, revamping, issues of buffer stocks and food security, Technology missions in agriculture.
  6. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  7. Land reforms in India since independence.
  8. Effects of liberalization and globalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  9. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  10. Science and Technology-developments and applications in daily life and in National Security, India’s Science and Technology policy.
  11. Achievements of Indians in science & technology, indigenization of technology. Developments of New technologies transfer of technology, dual and critical use of technologies.
  12. Awareness in the fields of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Space Technology, Computers, Energy resources, nano- technology, microbiology, biotechnology. Issues related to intellectual property rights (IPR), and digital rights.
  13. Environmental security and Ecosystems, Conservation of Wild life, Biodiversity, Environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment,
  14. Disaster as a Non-traditional security and safety challenge, disaster mitigation and management.
  15. Challenges of International Security: Issues of Nuclear proliferation, Causes and spread of extremism, Communication networks, role of media and social networking, Basics of cyber security, money laundering and human trafficking.
  16. India’s internal security challenges: Terrorism, corruption, insurgency and organized crimes.
  17. Role, kind and mandate of security forces, Higher defense organizations in India
  18. Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh Economy:- Overview of UP Economy: State Budgets. Importance of Agriculture, Industry, Infrastructure and physical resources. Human Resources and Skill development. Government Programmes and Welfare Schemes.
  19. Issues inAgriculture, Horticulture, Forestry and Animal Husbandry.
  20. Law and Order and Civil Defence with special reference to U.P.

Syllabus of UPPCS mains General study paper 4

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Human Values-lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators, the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: Content, structure, function, its influence, and relation with thought and behavior, moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public services, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional Intelligence- concept and dimensions, its utility and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
  • Public/Civil Service values and ethics in Public Administration: status and problems, ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance,.
  • Accountability and ethical governance, strengthening of moral values in governance, ethical issues in international relations and funding, corporate governance. Probity in Governance: the concept of public service, the philosophical basis of governance and probity, information sharing and transparency in government.
  • Right to Information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen’s charter, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. Case studies on the above issues.

The strategy of UPPCS mains Essay

There are three sections in the question paper Candidates need to select Essay. One topic from each section and they are required to write an essay in 700 words on each topic.

In the three sections, the topics of the essay will be based on the following spheres :

  • Section A – (1) (2) (3) Literature and Culture. Social sphere. Political sphere.
  • Section B – (1) (2) (3) Science, Environment and Technology. Economic Sphere Agriculture, Industry and Trade.
  • Section C: (1) (2) National and International Events. Natural Calamities, Landslide, Earthquake, Deluge, Drought, etc. National Development programs and projects.

Language paper

(1) दिये हुए गद्य खण्ड का अवबोधा एवं प्रश्नोत्तर।

(2) संक्षेपण

(3) सरकारी एवं अर्धासरकारी पत्र लेखन, तार लेखन, कार्यालय आदेश, अधिासूचना, परिपत्र

(4) शब्द ज्ञान एवं प्रयोग।

(5) उपसर्ग एवं प्रत्यय प्रयोग,

(6) विलोम शब्द,

(7) वाक्यांश के लिए एकशब्द,

(8) वर्तनी एवं वाक्य शुद्धि ,

(9) लोकोक्ति एवं मुहावरे।


Optional subject

List of optional subjects:


How to prepare for the interview of UPPCS?

Just prepare extensively about yourself, why do you want to join the State Civil Services (and related questions) and current affairs (in detail through magazines). And then follow the following things and improve yourself it can boost your performance and confidence also. So first and the last thing is that you have to be confident in any situation, there are chances that interviewer may interrupt us to create deviation but we have to accept it as a challenge that will be helpful for us.

So, We need to cover some points for the interview.

1. Dressing of candidate

  • Wear clean,well-washed, ironed and without any stains not too tight nor too loose clothes.
  • Women should preferably wear formal Indian wear to the UPPCS interview. If you are not comfortable with a sari, a salwar suit would do. But make sure whatever you wear is of a light, sober color. It should be cotton.
  • Avoid high heels unless you are comfortable walking in them and they don’t make a lot of noise.
  • Tie your hair neatly.
  • Men should wear light-colored formal shirts and dark trousers. A neck-tie is ok if you are comfortable. Tuck in your shirt and avoid printed or floral ones.
  • Men should preferably have short hair. This is a matter of personal choice but it might not project a professional image if you have long hair.
  • Don’t go to party wear or casual wear like jeans and T-shirts.
  • Avoid perfumes which are very strong. Also, take care not to have body odor.

2.    Importance of mock interview

  • Take 2 -3 mock tests, this gives you a lot of confidence and suggestion Mock panel improves your score so don’t avoid the mock interview.
  • If you have time then you can create an atmosphere of interview with your fast & serious friends. But one things always keep in your mind, take feedback positive as much as possible and improve yourself by chill mind.
  • Prepare everything before 2 days of interview and be ready for interview, dress up yourself which you want to wear on the day of interview. Keeping the atmosphere in view, adjust your mood as per the situation.
  • Keep in touch with your parents and touch their feet to seek blessing before departing for an interview.

3.    Some important do’s and don’ts do Do be sure to greet the receptionist or assistant and other staff members with courtesy and respect. Take a long breath when you enter the room/hall.

  • Do shake hands firmly, make eye contact, and smile when you are introduced to someone. Avoid having a limp, sweaty, or clammy handshake!
  • Do wait until you are offered a chair before sitting. And do remember body language and posture: sit upright with your shoulders back. No slouching!
  • Do plan to arrive about 10 to 15 minutes early. Late arrival for a job interview is never excusable. If you are running late, do phone the employer to let them know. If you arrive more than 15 minutes early, wait until 10 minutes before the interview to present yourself to the employee
  • Remember “Don’t answer in one word or few words. Make sentences logically like a beautiful garland made of flowers.
  • Don’t answer questions with a simple “yes” or “no.” Explain as for as possible. Describe those things about yourself that showcase your relevant talents, skills, and determination. Give detailed examples of your accomplishments.
  • Don’t look here and there during the interview if he/she asks you to speak then don’t
  • Full of confidence (that you are the only person who is for this post, fight for your future, strive for your right).
  • Make proper eye contact, and don’t tell a lie during an interview.
  • Don’t argue, be to the point. He/she knows more than you.
  • Listen to the interviewer attentively, 1st listen then reply, don’t be shy, overconfident and over smart.
  • Don’t act desperate, by as though you would take any job with any employer.
  • Don’t say anything negative about former colleagues, supervisors, or employers, and don’t offer any negative information about yourself, even if you’re being self-deprecated.
  • Don’t be soft-spoken. Speak clearly, and project confidence and preparation.
  • Don’t fidget or slouch.

How to end an Interview

  • Don’t drag your shoes and shut the door without any noise. Give a firm handshake and make confident eye contact while doing this.
  • Sometimes interviewer may ask the candidates, “Do you want to know anything ask something?  Make sure you have asked all your prepared questions about the job, company, and management.
  • Ask for a business card from the interviewer to follow up and write a thank you note.

For more information about the interviewclick here

 Important books

There are some important books for each subject as given in the UPPCS Prelims Syllabus.

History of India & Indian National Movement

In History, emphasis should be on a broad understanding of social, economic and political aspects of Indian history. In the Indian National Movement, the candidates are expected to have a synoptic view of nature and character of the freedom movement, growth of nationalism and attainment of Independence.

We would suggest following books for the History Topics

  • History of Modern India – Bipan Chandra (pre+ mains)
  • Spectrum Modern History (pre+ mains)
  • India’s Struggle for Independence – Bipan Chandra (pre+ mains)
  • India’s Ancient Past – R.S. Sharma (pre+ mains)
  • History of Medieval India – Satish Chandra (pre+ mains)

Indian and World Geography

Geography is one of the toughest parts of the General Studies (pre+ mains) this subject comes under the umbrella of social. The Geography of India & world relates to Physical, Social & Economic Geography of India.

For the preparation of geography segment we suggest the following books

  • Certificate Physical and Human Geography – Goh Cheng Leong
  • Geography – A Comprehensive Study – Mahesh Kumar Barnwal
  • Geography NCERT class VI to Class XII
  • Oxford School Atlas – Oxford
  • Environmental Studies: From Crisis to Cure – Rajagopalan. (Environment)
  • Youth Destination IAS Notes on Environment and Ecology.

Indian Polity and Governance

For the constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, you can prefer only one book That is Indian Polity by Laxmikant.

  • Indian Polity by Laxmikant
  • Text of Indian Constitution
  • Introduction to The Constitution Of India” – D.D. Basu
  • Governance in India by Lakshmikanth
  • NCERT – 9th To 12th

Economic and Social Development

To cover all the topics in the Economy, the candidates are suggested to read the newspaper on a daily basis. The Economy questions are more factual in an orientation such as the highest vegetable production in the country, largest milk producer and the likes. Some of the important books are as follows:

  • Indian Economy – Ramesh Singh. (Economy)
  • Economic Survey. (Economy)
  • Youth Destination Uttar Pradesh special book (latest edition)
  • Youth destination printed notes 
  • NCERT class 11th & 12th books
  • Books are written by Sanjeev Sharma

General Science

General Science questions in the UPPCS Prelims Exam are very easy. Simple concepts of Science has been asked in the paper.  So to prepare this portion you can read the following books

  • General Science- Lucent Publication
  • Science subject NCERTs
  • Newspaper

Current events of national and international importance

For the preparation of current affairs, you can follow the following instruction –

  • Uttar Pradesh Year Book
  • Monthly Current affairs magazine
  • Daily Newspaper