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How to Prepare Rajasthan Public Service Commission


RAS 2018 Pre-Exam Syllabus

The Preliminary Examination consists of one paper on the subject specified below, which is of objective type and carries a maximum of 200 marks.

The examination is meant to serve as a screening test only. The Standard of the paper will be that of a Bachelor’s Degree Level. The marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates, who are declared qualified for admission to Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit.

Note

  1. There will be 150 questions of multiple choice (Objective Type), carrying equal marks.
  2. There will be negative marking.1/3 Mark will be deducted for each wrong answer.

SYLLABUS


Part 01- History, Art, Culture, Literature, Tradition & Heritage of Rajasthan

  • Major Landmarks in the History of Rajasthan,
  • Major Dynasties, their Administrative and Revenue System. Socio-cultural Issues.
  • Freedom Movement, Political Awakening and Integration
  • Salient features of Architecture – Forts, and Monuments
  • Arts, Paintings and Handicrafts.
  • Important Works of Rajasthani literature. Local Dilects
  • Fairs, Festivals, Folk Music and Folk Dances.
  • Rajsathani Culture, Traditions and Heritage.
  • Religious Movements, Saints & Lok devtas of Rajasthan.
  • Important Tourist Places.
  • Leading Personalities of Rajasthan

Part 02 – Indian History  (Ancient & Medieval Period)


  • Salient features and Major Landmarks of Ancient and Medieval India.
  • Art, Culture, Literature, and Architecture.
  • Major Dynasties, Their Administrative System. Socio-Economic Conditions, Prominent Movements.

Modern Period:

  • Modern Indian history (from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present)- significant events, personalities, and issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle & Indian National Movement- its various stages and important contributors and contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Social and Religious Reform movements in the 19th and 20th century.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

Part 3- Geography of World and India


World Geography:

  • Broad Physical features.
  • Environmental and Ecological Issues.
  • Wildlife and Bio-diversity.
  • International Waterways.
  • Major Industrial Regions.

Geography of India:

  • Broad physical features and Major physiographic divisions.
  • Agriculture and Agro-based Activities.
  • Minerals – Iron, Manganese, Coal, Oil & Gas, Atomic minerals.
  • Major Industries and Industrial development.
  • Transportation– major transport corridors.
  • Natural Resources.
  • Environmental Problems and Ecological Issues.

Part -4 Geography of Rajasthan


  • Broad physical features and Major physiographic divisions.
  • Natural Resource of Rajasthan-
  • Climate, Natural Vegetation, Forests, Wildlife and Bio-diversity
  • Major irrigation projects.
  • Mines and Minerals.
  • Major Industries and Potential for Industrial Development

Part -05 Indian Constitution, Political System & Governance


  • Constitutional Development & Indian Constitution:

Government of India Acts: 1919 and 1935, Constituent Assembly, Nature of Indian

Constitution; Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State,

Fundamental Duties, Federal Structure, Constitutional Amendments, Emergency

Provisions, Public Interest Litigation (P.I.L.) and Judicial Review.

  • Indian Political System and Governance:
  • Nature of Indian State, Democracy in India, Reorganization of States, Coalition Governments, Political Parties, National Integration.
  • Union and State Executive; Union and State Legislative, Judiciary.
  • President, Parliament, Supreme Court, Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Planning Commission, National Development Council, Central Vigilance Commission (CVC), Central Information Commission , Lokpal, National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).
  • Local Self Government & Panchayati Raj.
  • Public Policy & Rights
  • National Public Policy as a welfare state.
  • Various Legal Rights and Citizen Charter.

 


Part 06. Political and Administrative System of Rajasthan


  • Governor, Chief Minister, State Assembly, High Court, Rajasthan Public Service Commission, District Administration, State Human Rights Commission, Lokayukta, State Election Commission, State Information Commission.
  • Public Policy, Legal Rights and Citizen Charter.

Part 07. Economic Concepts and Indian Economy


Basic Concepts of Economics

  • Basic Knowledge of Budgeting, Banking, Public Finance, National Income, Growth and Development
  • Accounting- Concept, Tools, and Uses in Administration
  • Stock Exchange and Share Market
  • Fiscal and Monetary Policies
  • Subsidies, Public Distribution System
  • e-Commerce
  • Inflation- Concept, Impact and Control Mechanism

Economic Development & Planning: –

  • 5 Year Plans – Objectives, Strategies and Achievements.
  • Major Sectors of Economy- Agriculture, Industry, Service and Trade- Current Status, Issues & initiatives.
  • Major Economic Problems and Government Initiatives. Economic Reforms and Liberalization.

Human Resource and Economic Development: –

  • Human Development Index
  • Poverty and Unemployment: – Concept, Types, Causes, Remedies and Current Flagship Schemes.

Social Justice and Empowerment: –

Provisions for Weaker Sections.


Part 08- Economy of Rajasthan


  • A macro overview of the Economy.
  • Major Agricultural, Industrial and Service Sector Issues.
  • Growth, Development and Planning.
  • Infrastructure & Resources.
  • Major Development Projects.
  • Programs and Schemes- Government Welfare Schemes for SC/ST/Backward Class/Minorities/Disabled Persons, Destitute, Women, Children, Old Age People, Farmers & Labourers.

Part 09- Science & Technology


  • Basics of Everyday Science.
  • Electronics, Computers, Information and Communication Technology.
  • Space Technology including Satellites.
  • Defense Technology.
  • The human body, Food, and Nutrition, Health care.
  • Environmental and Ecological Changes and their Impacts.
  • Biodiversity, Biotechnology, and Genetic Engineering.
  • Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry and Animal Husbandry with special reference to
  • Development of Science and Technology in Rajasthan

Part 10- Reasoning & Mental Ability


Logical Reasoning (Deductive, Inductive, Abductive):

  • Statement and Assumptions, Statement and Argument, Statements and Conclusion, Courses of Action.
  • Analytical Reasoning.

Mental Ability:

  • Number series, Letter series, Odd man out, Coding-Decoding, Problems related to

Relations, Shapes, and their subsections.

Basic Numeracy:

  • Elementary knowledge of Mathematical and Statistical Analysis.
  • Number System, Order of Magnitude, Ratio, and Proportion, Percentage, Simple and Compound Interest, Data Analysis (Tables, Bar diagram, Line graph, Pie-chart).

Part 11. Current Affairs


  • Major Current Events and Issues of State (Rajasthan), National and International
  • It’s importance
  • Persons and Places in recent news
  • Games and Sports related Activities

 

 

RAS Mains

RAS Mains Syllabus

           


General Knowledge and General Studies: Paper I


Paper I includes 3 units:

  1. Unit I: History

  2. Unit II: Economics

  3. Unit III: Sociology, Management, Accounting & Auditing

Unit I: History

Part A: History, Art, Culture, Literature, Tradition, and Heritage of Rajasthan

  • Major landmarks in the History of Rajasthan from Pre-historic time to close of 18th Century, Important dynasties, their administrative and revenue system.
  • Salient events of the 19th & 20th centuries: Peasant & Tribal Movements. Political Awakening, Freedom Movement and Integration.
  • Heritage of Rajasthan: Performing & Fine Art, Handicraft and Architecture; Fairs, Festivals, Folk Music and Folk Dance
  • Important works of Rajasthani Literature and Dialects of Rajasthan.
  • Saints, Lok Devtas and eminent personalities of Rajasthan

Part B: Indian History & Culture

  • Indian heritage: Fine Art, Performing Art, Architecture & Literature from Indus Civilization to British Era.
  • Religious Movements and religious philosophy in Ancient and Medieval India.
  • History of Modern India from the beginning of 19th Century to 1965 AD: Significant events, personalities, and issues.
  • Indian National Movement- Its various stages & streams, important contributors and contribution from different parts of the country.
  • Socio-religious Reform Movements in the 19th and 20th Century.
  • Post-Independence consolidation and reorganization – Accession of princely states & Linguistic reorganization of the states

Part C: History of Modern World (up to 1950AD)

  • Renaissance and Reformation.
  • Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution.
  • Imperialism and colonialism in Asia and Africa.
  • Impact of World Wars.

Unit II: Economics

Part A: Indian Economy

  • Major Sectors of Economy: Agriculture, Industry & Service- Current Status, Issues, and Initiatives.
  • Banking: Concept of Money supply & High Powered Money. Role and Functions of Central Bank & Commercial Banks, issues of NPA, Financial Inclusion. Monetary Policy- Concept, objectives & Instruments.
  • Public Finance: Tax reforms in India- Direct & Indirect, subsidies- Cash Transfer and other related issues. Recent Fiscal Policy of India.
  • Recent Trends in Indian Economy: Role of Foreign Capital, MNCs, PDS, FDI, Exim Policy, 12th Finance Commission (Our view: Should be 12 Plan or 14th FC), Poverty alleviation schemes.

Part B: World Economy

RAS mains syllabus of World Economy includes the following topics:

  • Global Economic issues and trends: Role of World Bank, IMF & WTO.
  • Concept of Developing, Emerging, and Developed Countries.
  • India in global Scenario.

Part C: Economy of Rajasthan

  • Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry, Dairy and Animal husbandry with special reference to Rajasthan.
  • Industrial Sector- Growth and recent trends.
  • Growth, Development & Planning with special reference to Rajasthan.
  • Recent development and issues in the service sector of Rajasthan.
  • Major Development Projects of Rajasthan- their objectives and impact.
  • Public-Private Partnership Model for Economic Transformation in Rajasthan.
  • Demographic Scenario of the State and its impact on Rajasthan Economy.

 

Unit III: Sociology, Management, Accounting & Auditing

Part A: Sociology

RAS mains syllabus of Sociology includes the following topics:

  • Development of Sociological Thought in India.
  • Social Values.
  • Caste Class & Occupation.
  • Varna, Ashram, Purusharth and Sanskar Vyavastha.
  • Issues and Problems of Society.
  • Tribal community of Rajasthan: Bhil, Mina (Meena) and Garasia

Part B: Management

  • Management – Scope, concept, functions of Management – Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Direction, Coordination and Control, Decision-Making: concept, process, and techniques.
  • The modern concept of Marketing, Marketing Mix – Product, Price, Place, and Promotion
  • Objective, the concept of maximization of wealth, Sources of Finance – Short and Long term, Capital Structure, Cost of Capital.
  • Concept and Main theories of Leadership and Motivation, Communication, Basics of recruitment, selection, induction, training & development and appraisal system

Part C: Accounting & Auditing

  • Techniques of analysis of Financial statements, Basics of Working Capital Management, Responsibility and Social Accounting
  • Meaning & Objectives of Auditing, Internal Control, Social, Performance, and Efficiency Audit.
  • Basics of different types of Budgeting, Budgetary control

 


RAS Mains  General Knowledge and General Studies: Paper II Syllabus


    Paper II includes 3 units:

  1. Unit I: Administrative Ethics

  2. Unit II: General Science & Technology

  3. Unit III: Earth Science (Geography & Geology)

 

Unit I: Administrative Ethics

Ethics and Human Values:

  • Lesson from lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators.
  • Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Ethical concept-Rit and Rin, the concept of Duties, the concept of Good and Virtues.
  • Ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Behavior, Moral and Political attitudes of administrators – Philosophical basis of Integrity.
  • Ethics of Bhagavad Geeta and its role in Administration.
  • Gandhian Ethics.
  • Contribution of Moral Thinkers and Philosophers from India.
  • Psycho-Stress Management.
  • Case Studies.
  • Emotional Intelligence – Concepts and their Utilities.

Unit II: General Science & Technology

  • Nanotechnology: – Concept and its application; Nano Mission of India.
  • Nuclear technology: – Basic concept, radioactivity, and its applications, different types of nuclear reactors, civilian and military uses. Institutional structure for the development of nuclear technology in India.
  • Telecommunication: – Basic concept, Telecom application for socio-economic development of masses, Indian telecom industry with a brief history, National Telecom Policy and TRAI (Telecom Regulatory Authority of India)
  • Electromagnetic waves, communication systems, basics of computers, uses of information technology, e-governance and e-commerce in administration.
  • Defense: – Types of missiles with reference to the India Missile Programme; Various chemical and biological weapons; Role of DRDO in various fields (other than weapons).
  • States of Matter
  • Allotropes of carbon.
  • pH Scale and the importance of pH in daily life.
  • Corrosion and its prevention
  • Catalyst
  • Soap and Detergents – Cleansing action of soap.
  • Polymers and their uses
  • General awareness of digestive, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, coordination and reproductive system of Humans
  • Application of Biotechnology and concerned Ethical and Intellectual Property Right Issues. Food and Human Health: General Awareness of Balanced and Unbalanced Food, Malnutrition, Intoxicants, Blood, Blood Group and Immunity (Antigen, Antibodies), Blood Transfusion, Immunization & Vaccination.
  • Human diseases: Communicable & Non-Communicable Diseases, Acute, and Chronic Diseases; Causes and Prevention of Infectious, Genetic and Lifestyle Disease.
  • Water quality and water purification.
  • Public Health Initiatives with special reference to the State of Rajasthan.
  • Contribution of Indian Scientists in Science and Technology.
  • Ecosystem: Structure and Function.
  • Atmosphere: Composition and Basic nutrient cycling (Nitrogen, Carbon and Water Cycles)
  • Climate Change; Renewable and Non-Renewable Energy.
  • Environmental Pollution and Degradation; Waste Management.
  • Biodiversity and its conservation with special reference to the state of Rajasthan.
  • Water Conservation with special reference to the Traditional Systems in the State of Rajasthan.
  • Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry, Dairy and Animal Husbandry with special reference to Rajasthan.

Unit III: Earth Science (Geography & Geology)

Part A: Geography of World

  • Broad Physical Feature: Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, Lakes, and Glaciers.
  • Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Types, distribution, and their impact
  • Earth and its Geological time scale.
  • Current Geopolitical Problems.

Part B: Geography of India

  • Broad Physical Features: Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, Lakes, and Glaciers.
  • Major Physiographic divisions of India.
  • Climate- Origin of Monsoon, Seasonal Climatic conditions, Distribution of rainfall and climatic regions.
  • Natural Resources:

(a) Water, Forest, Soil

(b) Rocks & Mineral: Types and their uses

  • Population: Growth, Distribution and Density, Sex-ratio, Literacy, urban and Rural Population.

Part C: Geography of Rajasthan

  • Broad Physical Features: Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, Rivers, and Lakes.
  • Major Physiographic Regions.
  • Natural Vegetation and Climate.
  • Livestock, Wildlife, and its Conversation.
  • Agriculture- Major Crops.
  • Mineral Resources:

(i) Metallic Minerals- Types, distribution, and Industrial uses and conservation.

(ii)Non- Metallic Minerals- Types, distribution, and Industrial uses and conservation.

  • Energy Resources: Conventional and Non-conventional.
  • Population and Tribes.


RAS Mains General Knowledge and General Studies: Paper III Syllabus


  Paper III includes 3 units:

  1. Unit I: Indian Political System, World Politics and Current Affairs

  2. Unit II: Concepts, Issues and Dynamics of Public Administration and Management

  3. Unit III: Sports & Yoga, Behaviour and Law

Unit I: Indian Political System, World Politics and Current Affairs

  • Indian Constitution: Framing, Features, Amendments, Basic Structure.
  • Ideological Contents: Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties.
  • Institutional framework- I: Parliamentary System, President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, Parliament.
  • Institutional Framework- II: Federalism, Centre-State relations, Supreme Court, High Courts, Judicial Review, Judicial Activism.
  • Institutional Framework- III: Election Commission of India, Comptroller and Auditor General, Union Public Service Commission, NITI Aayog, Central Vigilance Commission, Central Information Commission, National Human Rights Commission
  • Political Dynamics: Role of Cast, Religion, Class, Ethnicity, Language and Gender in Indian Politics, Political Parties and Electoral Behaviour, Civil Society and Political Movement, Issues related to National Integrity and Security.
  • Potential areas of Socio-Political conflicts.
  • State Politics of Rajasthan: Party System, Political Demography, Different phases of Political competition in Rajasthan, Panchayati Raj and Urban self-Government Institutions
  • Emerging World Order in the post-Cold War era, USA’s hegemony and its resistance, UN and Regional Organizations, International Terrorism and Environmental issues.
  • Foreign Policy of India: Evolution, Determinants, India’s relations with USA, China, Russia, and European Union, India’s role in UN, NAM, BRICS, G- 20, G- 77 and SAARC.
  • Geopolitical and Strategic development in South Asia, South East Asia and West Asia and their impact on India.
  • Current Affairs: Current events, persons and places of Rajasthan, National, and international importance, recent activities related to games and sports.

Unit II: Concepts, Issues, and Dynamics of Public Administration and Management

  • Administration and management: Meaning, nature, and significance. Its role in developed & developing societies. Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline, new public administration, Theories of public administration.
  • Concepts of power, authority, legitimacy, responsibility, and delegation.
  • Principles of organization: Hierarchy, Span of control and unity of command
  • Functions of management, Corporate governance, and social responsibility
  • New dimensions of public management, management of change.
  • Aptitude and foundational values of civil services: integrity, impartiality, and non-partisanship, dedication to public service, the relationship between generalists and specialists.
  • Legislative & Judicial control over administration: various methods and techniques of legislative & judicial control.
  • Administrative setup, administrative culture in Rajasthan: Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Secretariat and Chief Secretary.
  • District administration: organization, the role of District Collector and Superintendent of Police, Sub-divisional and Tehsil administration.
  • Development Administration: Meaning, Scope, and Characteristics.
  • State Human Rights Commission, State Election Commission, Lokayukta, Rajasthan Public Service Commission, Public Service Guarantee Act, 2011

 

Unit III:  Sports and Yoga, Behaviour and Law

Part A- Sports and Yoga

  • Sports Policies of India.
  • Rajasthan State Sports Council.
  • National Awards of Sports. (Arjuna Award, Dronacharya Award, Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, Maharana Pratap Award etc.)
  • Yoga – Positive way of Life.
  • Eminent Players of India.
  • First Aid in Sports.
  • Participation of Indian Athletes in the Olympics and Para-Olympic Games.

Part B – Behavior

  • Intelligence: Cognitive intelligence, Social intelligence, Emotional intelligence, Cultural intelligence and Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence.
  • Personality: Psychoanalytical theories, Trait and Type theories, Determinants of personality and Assessment of personality.
  • Learning and Motivation: styles of learning, Models of memory, causes of forgetting. Classification and types of motives, Theories of work motivation, Assessment of motivation
  • Meeting Life Challenges: Stress: Nature, type, Sources, Symptoms, Effects, Stress Management, Promotion of Positive health and wellbeing.

Part C-Law

  • Concepts of Law: Ownership and possession, Personality, Liability, Rights, and Duties.
  • Contemporary Legal issues: Right to information, Information technology law including cyber laws (concepts, purpose, prospects), Intellectual Property Rights (concepts, types, purpose, prospects)
  • Crimes against Women and Children: Domestic Violence, Sexual Harassment the workplace, the protection of children from sexual offenses Act 2012, Laws related to child labor.
  • Important Land Laws in Rajasthan: Rajasthan Land Revenue Act, 1956; Rajasthan Tenancy Act, 1955

 


RAS Mains General Hindi and General English: Paper IV Syllabus


 

Paper IV includes 2 units:

  1. Unit I: General Hindi

  2. Unit II: General English

 

Unit I: General Hindi

भाग अ- (अंक 50)

  • संधि एवं संधि-विच्छेद – दिए हुए शब्दों की संधि करना और संधि-विच्छेद करना।
  • उपसर्ग – सामान्य ज्ञान, उपसर्गों से शब्दों की संरचना तथा शब्दों में से उपसर्ग एवं शब्द पृथक् करना
  • प्रत्यय – सामान्य ज्ञान, दिए हुए प्रत्ययों से शब्द बनाना और शब्दों में से शब्द एवं प्रत्यय पृथक् करना
  • पर्यायवाची शब्द
  • विलोम शब्द
  • समश्रुत भिन्नार्थक शब्द–दिए हुए शब्द-युग्म का अर्थभेद वाक्यांश के लिए सार्थक शब्द शब्द शुद्धि, वाक्य शुद्धि
  • मुहावरे- मुहावरों का वाक्यों में सटीक प्रयोग
  • कहावत/लोकोक्ति-केवल भावार्थ
  • पारिभाषिक शब्दावली- प्रशासन से संबंधित अंग्रेजी शब्दों के समानार्थी हिन्दी

भाग ब- (अंक 50)

  • संक्षिप्तीकरण – गद्यावतरण का उचित शीर्षक एवं लगभग एक-तिहाई शब्दों में संक्षिप्तीकरण (गद्यावतरण की शब्द सीमा लगभग 100 शब्द)
  • पल्लवन – किसी सूक्ति, काव्य पंक्ति, प्रसिद्ध कथन आदि का भाव विस्तार (शब्द सीमा–लगभग 100 शब्द)
  • पत्र-लेखन – सामान्य कार्यालयी पत्र, कार्यालय आदेश, अर्धशासकीय पत्र, अनुस्मारक
  • प्रारूप-लेखन – अधिसूचना, निविदा, परिपत्र, विज्ञप्ति
  • अनुवाद – दिए हुए अंग्रेजी अनुच्छेद का हिंदी में अनुवाद।

भाग स- (अंक 20)

  • किसी सामयिक एवं अन्य विषयों पर निबंध लेखन (शब्द सीमा लगभग-250 शब्द)

 

Unit: II General English (Total marks 80)

Part A- Grammar & Usage (20 Marks)

RAS mains syllabus of Grammar includes the following topics:

  • Correction of Sentences: 10 sentences for correction related to Articles & Determiners
  • Prepositions
  • Tenses & Sequence of Tenses
  • Modals
  • Voice- Active & Passive
  • Narration- Direct & Indirect
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Phrasal Verbs & Idioms
  • One Word Substitute
  • Words often Confused or wrongly used

Part B- Comprehension, Translation & Precis Writing (30 Marks)

  • Comprehension of an Unseen Passage (250 Words approximately):
  • 05 Questions based on the passage.
  • Question No. 05 should preferably be on vocabulary.
  • Translation of five sentences from Hindi to English.
  • Precis Writing (a short passage of approximately 150-200 words)

Part C- Composition & Letter Writing (30 Marks)

  • Paragraph Writing- Any 01 paragraph out of 03 given topics (approximately 200 words)
  • Elaboration of a given theme (Any 1 out of 3, approximately 150 words)
  • Letter Writing or Report Writing (approximately 150 words)